As per the reports given by Asahi Shimbun, across the globe there is a heavy demand for meat. One of the reasons is because of the increase in population globally which is forecasted to reach 9.3 billion in 2050.
There are other factors which accounts for increase demand in meat globally such as increase in per capita income proportionately increases the economic development, lifestyles and eating habits of the consumers. For example, people living in cities and food service industry which includes fast food chains, has led to more regular consumption of meat.
According to the report from 1961 till today, the world’s population has more than doubled from around 3 billion to 7 billion; where as the volume of meat consumed annually has quadrupled from 70 million tons to less than 300 million tons. The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization emphasized that the production of food, including meat, must be increased by 60 percent by 2050 in order to meet the dietary needs of the planet’s human population.
The world’s consumption of meat currently is divided among pork, poultry and beef at a ratio of 4-3-2, and thus the demand for poultry is growing. Due to which it offers the greatest efficiency in terms of weight gain of farm animals or livestock with comparison to the amount of feed given, and the shortest breeding time. Large amounts of grains are required as food for raising livestock. For example, it is said to take 11 kilograms of grain feed to produce 1 kilogram of beef, compared to 7 kilograms for pork and 4 kilograms for poultry. In the prospects, the increase of meat production will be directly linked to the production of corn and other basic ingredients used as feed for livestock and increase the livestock also.
Stats and figures of meat consumption
As per the statistics, from 2009, global meat consumption is ranked in the following order: pork, poultry, beef and mutton. Pork consumption is mainly prominent in Europe. Among them, five European countries have the greatest annual per capita consumption of pork in the world: in which Austria tops the list at 65.6 kilograms, followed by Germany, Lithuania, Poland and Spain. After Europe, the next greatest eaters of pork are found in Asia.
According to statistics given from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, with regard to poultry, the amount of chicken consumed globally has increased around 37 percent in the 10 years from 2002. In the same period, pork consumption increased only by 15 percent and beef by 3 percent, making the chicken popularity to grow.
The statistics also shows that beef consumption is becoming more in developing countries at a greater pace than in developed nations. The FAO predicts that beef consumption will increase to around 73 million tons in the year 2020, as compared to 15 percent to 2009.
As per the figures given, mutton is most popular in countries where nomadic tribes live, such as Mongolia, Tajikisan and Syria. In Mongolia, mutton consumption per capita is 49 kilograms, which is far ahead of the rest of the world.