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There has been an increase in electrin car charging stations across developed and developing countries, especially in India where the untapped potential in EVs is slowiy realizing the market share that one can acquire in the near future. The government is initiating a move to improve and promote use of EVs as they are a lot more nature friendly and sustainable that traditional internal combustion automobiles. Electric vehicles are automobiles that are powered by electric supply to the motor that runs in high power. The lack of charging stations in the cities is one of the biggest reasons for people interested to buy electric vehicles shelving the idea.
Requirement of charging station Infrastructure
Charging infrastructure will play a pivotal role on EV deployment, and, in the absence of a proactive plan and schedule, is a major impediment to mass market adoption. Infrastructure limitations are particularly pertinent to BEVs due to their sole dependency on electricity. The charging infrastructure includes all of the hardware and software that ensures energy is transferred from the electric grid to the vehicle. It can be categorized by location, power level and charging time strategy. Charging locations combined with an acceptable charging time strategy increases BEV functionality and decreases public charging requirements. The approximation of the electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) needed at different types of locations, for example- home, Work and Commercial Parking is proposed based on an optimal charging strategy. The Major Companies Producing Components for Electrinc Charging Cars include; ABB, Siemens, General Electric, and Schnider Electric.
The components for electric car charging infrastructure include; Energy meters, RCBOs, circuit breakers, switches, enclosures, plugs, sockets and connectors, and in addition, Miniature circuit breakers, residual current devices, PLCs and I/O Modules, Modular DIN Rail Components, Surge Protective Devices, Electric Meters, and Enclosures.
Indian current scenario
Large scale introduction of Plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs), including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) have the potential to improve Indian energy and environmental landscape of personal transportation. Central government should start enforcing necessary measures to install EV charging infrastructure. Initial step could be to encourage international market players to make case studies on potential locations and adequate quantity of Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE). With a projection of EVs, the effects on current, energy production, transmission and distribution scheme, road traffic density, emission level and parking space requirement need to be analyzed. Operation and maintenance of installed infrastructure should be maintained properly. Instead of direct involvement of Govt. body, private players should be tendered in order to maintain the smooth work flow. Central management through Charging Station Selection server (CSS) will play a vital role in information transfer between EVs-Server-Control centres. Mahindra Reva is looking forward to installing the charging stations across Bangalore, from where it hails.